3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
Jesus Christ was introduced to his readers by John as the Word, who was the eternal God (cf. vv. 1, 2). Now in verse 3, John gives further clarity and emphasis to the fact that Jesus was eternal and divine by declaring that He is the Creator of all things.
John said, “All things were made by him”. It is, first of all, stated positively here that Christ created everything. All things, one after another, came into existence through the creative acts of the Word. John is not alone among the New Testament writers to declare that Christ created everything. It is a common theme in the New Testament that Jesus Christ is the Creator.
Colossians 1:16 testifies, “For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him.” Hebrews 1:2 states that “by whom (i.e. Christ) also he (i.e. God) made the worlds”. In Revelation 4:11, we read about Christ being worshipped in heaven as the Creator of all things – “Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.” Revelation 3:14 refers to Christ as “the beginning of the creation of God”, exalting Him as the beginner or the originator of God’s creation. In Revelation 22:13, Jesus says, “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.”
To reiterate that Christ is the Creator, John also stated negatively: “and without him was not any thing made that was made.” There was not a single thing, however minute or invisible, which was not made by Christ. Every created thing came into existence through Jesus Christ. Thus John confirms that Christ was not a created being, but the Creator of all things. Since all the created things were created by Christ, He could not have been a created being.
Let us also note that John presents Christ not merely as God, but also as One who did the works of God, even the creation of all things. By doing so, John attributes supreme, full divinity to Christ. There is no exception to that truth. Christ is the eternal God who created all things.