“For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.”
When we have Jesus Christ (“him”), we also have access by the Spirit to the Father. The moment we receive Christ, we have access to all the resources of the entire Holy Trinity. Jesus Christ brings us into a real, intimate relationship with our Great Triune God.
The word “access” (Greek: prosagōgē) is used here, as in its other occurrences, to depict the believer’s access to God (see also Rom. 5:2; Eph. 3:12). As sinners, everyone is prohibited from having access to God. But now through Jesus Christ, we are granted the right to come to the presence of God with boldness, knowing we will be welcomed. It is only through our Saviour’s shedding of His blood in sacrificial death on Calvary, and by faith in Him, that we have this privilege to enter into fellowship with the Father.
We will be guided by the Holy Spirit to draw continually to God. Whether they be Jews or Gentiles, upon trusting in Christ, both of these groups are united in Christ and guided by one Spirit to draw near to God. The Spirit leads all of us to come to God, crying, “Abba! Father!” (Rom. 8:15). All those who are in Christ will never again be alienated from God.
Now we have direct and immediate access unto God. Therefore, we can “come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need” (Hebrews 4:16). Nearness to God the Father is the highest and sweetest privilege which none has, except Christians.